Terms & Conditions

We have Recently updated our Terms and Conditions. Please read and accept the terms and conditions in order to access the site

Terms and Conditions

Last updated: May 24, 2018 Please read these Terms and Conditions ("Terms", "Terms and Conditions") carefully before using the https://thegutstuff.wpengine.com/ website (the "Service") operated by The Gut Stuff ("us", "we", or "our"). Your access to and use of the Service is conditioned on your acceptance of and compliance with these Terms. These Terms apply to all visitors, users and others who access or use the Service. By accessing or using the Service you agree to be bound by these Terms. If you disagree with any part of the terms then you may not access the Service.


You are encouraged to familiarise yourself with your rights contained within the Sale of Goods Act 1979, Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 and the Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999. If you wish to purchase any product or service made available through the Service ("Purchase"), you may be asked to supply certain information relevant to your Purchase including, without limitation, your credit card number, the expiration date of your credit card, your billing address, and your shipping information. You represent and warrant that: (i) you have the legal right to use any credit card(s) or other payment method(s) in connection with any Purchase; and that (ii) the information you supply to us is true, correct and complete. You expressly agree that The Gut Stuff is not responsible for any loss or damage arising from the submission of false or inaccurate information. By submitting such information, you grant us the right to provide the information to third parties for purposes of facilitating the completion of Purchases. We reserve the right to refuse or cancel your order at any time for certain reasons including but not limited to: product or service availability, errors in the description or price of the product or service, error in your order or other reasons. You expressly agree that The Gut Stuff cannot accept any liability for loss or damage arising out of such cancellation. We reserve the right to refuse or cancel your order if fraud or an unauthorised or illegal transaction is suspected.

Availability, Errors and Inaccuracies

We are constantly updating our offerings of products and services on the Service. The products or services available on our Service may be mispriced, described inaccurately, or unavailable, and we may experience delays in updating information on the Service and in our advertising on other web sites. You expressly agree that any such offer of a product or service does not constitute a legal offer capable of attracting legal consequences. We cannot and do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information, including prices, product images, specifications, availability, and services. We reserve the right to change or update information and to correct errors, inaccuracies, or omissions at any time without prior notice. Section "Availability, Errors and Inaccuracies" is without prejudice to existing statutory rights.

Contests, Sweepstakes and Promotions

Any contests, sweepstakes or other promotions (collectively, "Promotions") made available through the Service may be governed by rules that are separate from these Terms. If you participate in any Promotions, please review the applicable rules as well as our Privacy Policy. If the rules for a Promotion conflict with these Terms and Conditions, the Promotion rules will apply. The terms and conditions of any other "Promotions" are independent of this agreement.

Intellectual Property

The Service and its original content, features and functionality are and will remain the exclusive property of The Gut Stuff and its licensors. The Service is protected by copyright, trademark, and other laws of both the United Kingdom and foreign countries. Our trademarks and trade dress may not be used in connection with any product or service without the prior written consent of The Gut Stuff.

Links To Other Web Sites

Our Service may contain links to third-party web sites or services that are not owned or controlled by The Gut Stuff. The Gut Stuff has no control over, and assumes no responsibility for, the content, privacy policies, or practices of any third party web sites or services. You further acknowledge and agree that The Gut Stuff shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, goods or services available on or through any such web sites or services. We strongly advise you to read the terms and conditions and privacy policies of any third-party web sites or services that you visit.


We may terminate or suspend your access immediately, without prior notice or liability, for any reason whatsoever, including without limitation if you breach the Terms. Upon termination, your right to use the Service will immediately cease. All provisions of the Terms which by their nature should survive termination shall survive termination, including, without limitation, ownership provisions, warranty disclaimers, indemnity and limitations of liability.


You agree to defend, indemnify and hold harmless The Gut Stuff and its licensee and licensors, and their employees, contractors, agents, officers and directors, from and against any and all claims, damages, obligations, losses, liabilities, costs or debt, and expenses (including but not limited to attorney's fees), resulting from or arising out of a) your use and access of the Service, or b) a breach of these Terms.

Limitation Of Liability

In no event shall The Gut Stuff, nor its directors, employees, partners, agents, suppliers, or affiliates, be liable for any indirect, incidental, special, consequential or punitive damages, including without limitation, loss of profits, data, use, goodwill, or other intangible losses, resulting from (i) your access to or use of or inability to access or use the Service; (ii) any conduct or content of any third party on the Service; (iii) any content obtained from the Service; and (iv) unauthorized access, use or alteration of your transmissions or content, whether based on warranty, contract, tort (including negligence) or any other legal theory, whether or not we have been informed of the possibility of such damage, and even if a remedy set forth herein is found to have failed of its essential purpose.


Your use of the Service is at your sole risk. The Service is provided on an "AS IS" and "AS AVAILABLE" basis. The Service is provided without warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement or course of performance. The Gut Stuff its subsidiaries, affiliates, and its licensors do not warrant that a) the Service will function uninterrupted, secure or available at any particular time or location; b) any errors or defects will be corrected; c) the Service is free of viruses or other harmful components; or d) the results of using the Service will meet your requirements.


Without limiting the generality of the foregoing and notwithstanding any other provision of these terms, under no circumstances will The Gut Stuff ever be liable to you or any other person for any indirect, incidental, consequential, special, punitive or exemplary loss or damage arising from, connected with, or relating to your use of the Service, these Terms, the subject matter of these Terms, the termination of these Terms or otherwise, including but not limited to personal injury, loss of data, business, markets, savings, income, profits, use, production, reputation or goodwill, anticipated or otherwise, or economic loss, under any theory of liability (whether in contract, tort, strict liability or any other theory or law or equity), regardless of any negligence or other fault or wrongdoing (including without limitation gross negligence and fundamental breach) by The Gut Stuff or any person for whom The Gut Stuff is responsible, and even if The Gut Stuff has been advised of the possibility of such loss or damage being incurred.

Governing Law

These Terms shall be governed and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales, without regard to its conflict of law provisions. Our failure to enforce any right or provision of these Terms will not be considered a waiver of those rights. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable by a court, the remaining provisions of these Terms will remain in effect. These Terms constitute the entire agreement between us regarding our Service, and supersede and replace any prior agreements we might have between us regarding the Service.


We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to modify or replace these Terms at any time. If a revision is material we will try to provide at least 30 days notice prior to any new terms taking effect. What constitutes a material change will be determined at our sole discretion. By continuing to access or use our Service after those revisions become effective, you agree to be bound by the revised terms. If you do not agree to the new terms, you must stop using the service.

Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy

Please refer to our Privacy Policy and Cookies Policy. You agree that they constitute part of these terms. You must read our Privacy Policy and Cookies Policy before you use the Service.

Contact Us

If you have any questions about these Terms, please contact us.

Current Version: 1

Privacy Policy

We have Recently updated our Privacy Policy. Please read and accept the Privacy Policy in order to access the site

Privacy Policy

Effective date: May 24, 2018 The Gut Stuff ("us", "we", or "our") operates the https://thegutstuff.wpengine.com/ website (the "Service"). This page informs you of our policies regarding the collection, use, and disclosure of personal data when you use our Service and the choices you have associated with that data. We use your data to provide and improve the Service. By using the Service, you agree to the collection and use of information in accordance with this policy. Unless otherwise defined in this Privacy Policy, terms used in this Privacy Policy have the same meanings as in our Terms and Conditions, accessible from https://thegutstuff.wpengine.com/


Service Service is the https://thegutstuff.wpengine.com/ website operated by The Gut Stuff Personal Data Personal Data means data about a living individual who can be identified from those data (or from those and other information either in our possession or likely to come into our possession). Usage Data Usage Data is data collected automatically either generated by the use of the Service or from the Service infrastructure itself (for example, the duration of a page visit). Cookies Cookies are small pieces of data stored on your device (computer or mobile device). Data Controller Data Controller means the natural or legal person who (either alone or jointly or in common with other persons) determines the purposes for which and the manner in which any personal information are, or are to be, processed. For the purpose of this Privacy Policy, we are a Data Controller of your Personal Data. Data Processors (or Service Providers) Data Processor (or Service Provider) means any natural or legal person who processes the data on behalf of the Data Controller. We may use the services of various Service Providers in order to process your data more effectively. Data Subject (or User) Data Subject is any living individual who is using our Service and is the subject of Personal Data.

Information Collection and Use

We collect several different types of information for various purposes to provide and improve our Service to you.

Types of Data Collected

Personal Data

While using our Service, we may ask you to provide us with certain personally identifiable information that can be used to contact or identify you ("Personal Data"). Personally identifiable information may include, but is not limited to:
  • Email address
  • First name and last name
  • Phone number
  • Address, State, Province, ZIP/Postal code, City
  • Cookies and Usage Data
We may use your Personal Data to contact you with newsletters, marketing or promotional materials and other information that may be of interest to you. You may opt out of receiving any, or all, of these communications from us by contacting us.

Usage Data

We may also collect information how the Service is accessed and used ("Usage Data"). This Usage Data may include information such as your computer's Internet Protocol address (e.g. IP address), browser type, browser version, the pages of our Service that you visit, the time and date of your visit, the time spent on those pages, unique device identifiers and other diagnostic data.

Tracking Cookies Data

We use cookies and similar tracking technologies to track the activity on our Service and hold certain information. Cookies are files with small amount of data which may include an anonymous unique identifier. Cookies are sent to your browser from a website and stored on your device. Tracking technologies also used are beacons, tags, and scripts to collect and track information and to improve and analyze our Service. You can instruct your browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a cookie is being sent. However, if you do not accept cookies, you may not be able to use some portions of our Service. Examples of Cookies we use:
  • Session Cookies. We use Session Cookies to operate our Service.
  • Preference Cookies. We use Preference Cookies to remember your preferences and various settings.
  • Security Cookies. We use Security Cookies for security purposes.

Use of Data

The Gut Stuff uses the collected data for various purposes:
  • To provide and maintain our Service
  • To notify you about changes to our Service
  • To allow you to participate in interactive features of our Service when you choose to do so
  • To provide customer support
  • To gather analysis or valuable information so that we can improve our Service
  • To monitor the usage of our Service
  • To detect, prevent and address technical issues
  • To provide you with news, special offers and general information about other goods, services and events which we offer that are similar to those that you have already purchased or enquired about unless you have opted not to receive such information

Legal Basis for Processing Personal Data Under General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

If you are from the European Economic Area (EEA), The Gut Stuff legal basis for collecting and using the personal information described in this Privacy Policy depends on the Personal Data we collect and the specific context in which we collect it. The Gut Stuff may process your Personal Data because:
  • We need to perform a contract with you
  • You have given us permission to do so
  • The processing is in our legitimate interests and it's not overridden by your rights
  • For payment processing purposes
  • To comply with the law

Retention of Data

The Gut Stuff will retain your Personal Data only for as long as is necessary for the purposes set out in this Privacy Policy. We will retain and use your Personal Data to the extent necessary to comply with our legal obligations (for example, if we are required to retain your data to comply with applicable laws), resolve disputes, and enforce our legal agreements and policies. The Gut Stuff will also retain Usage Data for internal analysis purposes. Usage Data is generally retained for a shorter period of time, except when this data is used to strengthen the security or to improve the functionality of our Service, or we are legally obligated to retain this data for longer time periods.

Transfer of Data

Your information, including Personal Data, may be transferred to — and maintained on — computers located outside of your state, province, country or other governmental jurisdiction where the data protection laws may differ than those from your jurisdiction. If you are located outside United Kingdom and choose to provide information to us, please note that we transfer the data, including Personal Data, to United Kingdom and process it there. Your consent to this Privacy Policy followed by your submission of such information represents your agreement to that transfer. The Gut Stuff will take all steps reasonably necessary to ensure that your data is treated securely and in accordance with this Privacy Policy and no transfer of your Personal Data will take place to an organization or a country unless there are adequate controls in place including the security of your data and other personal information.

Disclosure of Data

Business Transaction

If The Gut Stuff is involved in a merger, acquisition or asset sale, your Personal Data may be transferred. We will provide notice before your Personal Data is transferred and becomes subject to a different Privacy Policy.

Legal Requirements

The Gut Stuff may disclose your Personal Data in the good faith belief that such action is necessary to:
  • To comply with a legal obligation
  • To protect and defend the rights or property of The Gut Stuff
  • To prevent or investigate possible wrongdoing in connection with the Service
  • To protect the personal safety of users of the Service or the public
  • To protect against legal liability

Security of Data

The security of your data is important to us, but remember that no method of transmission over the Internet, or method of electronic storage is 100% secure. While we strive to use commercially acceptable means to protect your Personal Data, we cannot guarantee its absolute security.

Your Data Protection Rights Under General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

If you are a resident of the European Economic Area (EEA), you have certain data protection rights. The Gut Stuff aims to take reasonable steps to allow you to correct, amend, delete, or limit the use of your Personal Data. If you wish to be informed what Personal Data we hold about you and if you want it to be removed from our systems, please contact us. In certain circumstances, you have the following data protection rights: The right to access, update or to delete the information we have on you. Whenever made possible, you can access, update or request deletion of your Personal Data directly within your account settings section. If you are unable to perform these actions yourself, please contact us to assist you. The right of rectification. You have the right to have your information rectified if that information is inaccurate or incomplete. The right to object. You have the right to object to our processing of your Personal Data. The right of restriction. You have the right to request that we restrict the processing of your personal information. The right to data portability. You have the right to be provided with a copy of the information we have on you in a structured, machine-readable and commonly used format. The right to withdraw consent. You also have the right to withdraw your consent at any time where The Gut Stuff relied on your consent to process your personal information. Please note that we may ask you to verify your identity before responding to such requests. You have the right to complain to a Data Protection Authority about our collection and use of your Personal Data. For more information, please contact your local data protection authority in the European Economic Area (EEA).

Service Providers

We may employ third party companies and individuals to facilitate our Service ("Service Providers"), to provide the Service on our behalf, to perform Service-related services or to assist us in analyzing how our Service is used. These third parties have access to your Personal Data only to perform these tasks on our behalf and are obligated not to disclose or use it for any other purpose.


We may provide paid products and/or services within the Service. In that case, we use third-party services for payment processing (e.g. payment processors). We will not store or collect your payment card details. That information is provided directly to our third-party payment processors whose use of your personal information is governed by their Privacy Policy. These payment processors adhere to the standards set by PCI-DSS as managed by the PCI Security Standards Council, which is a joint effort of brands like Visa, Mastercard, American Express and Discover. PCI-DSS requirements help ensure the secure handling of payment information. The payment processors we work with are: Sage Pay Their policies can be viewed at https://www.sagepay.co.uk/policies

Links to Other Sites

Our Service may contain links to other sites that are not operated by us. If you click on a third party link, you will be directed to that third party's site. We strongly advise you to review the Privacy Policy of every site you visit. We have no control over and assume no responsibility for the content, privacy policies or practices of any third party sites or services.

Children's Privacy

Our Service does not address anyone under the age of 18 ("Children"). We do not knowingly collect personally identifiable information from anyone under the age of 18. If you are a parent or guardian and you are aware that your Children has provided us with Personal Data, please contact us. If we become aware that we have collected Personal Data from children without verification of parental consent, we take steps to remove that information from our servers.

Changes to This Privacy Policy

We may update our Privacy Policy from time to time. We will notify you of any changes by posting the new Privacy Policy on this page. We will let you know via email and/or a prominent notice on our Service, prior to the change becoming effective and update the "effective date" at the top of this Privacy Policy. You are advised to review this Privacy Policy periodically for any changes. Changes to this Privacy Policy are effective when they are posted on this page.

Contact Us

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, please contact us:
  • By visiting this page on our website: https://thegutstuff.wpengine.com/privacy-policy/

Current Version: 1

Your gut through the ages

Trillions of bugs that inhabit our guts are with us throughout our lives and they don’t just sit around and do nothing; they influence our health, moods, our ability to digest certain foods and even our susceptibility to disease. More and more research is being done that looks into how our guts look like at different stages in our lives. Although we are far from understanding it all, the key findings are that early childhood is where big changes in our gut bacteria composition occur, and that after childhood our gut bugs are pretty stable throughout our lives. Here’s a glimpse of how our guts look at different life stages and what we could do to make our gut companions and, eventually, us happier.


Birth and Infancy

The way we are born, vaginal or C-section, has a big impact on our gut composition and health not only during childhood but also later in life. For instance, children born vaginally get bacteria found in the mother’s birth canal and faeces and therefore the gut bacteria of mothers and babies born this way are more similar. However, children born through C-section get more bacteria found on the skin of their mothers, doctors or nurses and so in the early days these children have less similar gut bacteria to their mothers [1]. Some studies found that children born through a C-section have a higher risk of allergies or a higher risk of obesity later in life [2], [3]. While these are important results, it is important to bear in mind that these findings are just associations and not direct causal relationships and there is plenty you can do to support gut health throughout early life.

Breastfeeding plays an important role in the developing gut of babies because it gives them lots of good gut nutrients and prebiotics from the mother, strengthens the immune system and helps create that special bond between mother and child. At this stage, the bacteria in babies’ guts are more of Bifidobacteria type which is specialised in breaking down the sugars found in mothers’ milk. There are now some great formula formulations, which try to mimic the prebiotic element of breastmilk.  However, with the introduction of solid foods in babies’ diets, the diversity of gut bacteria escalates and gradually starts resembling that of an adult [1]. At this stage, it is important to slowly introduce gut-loving foods, including a variety of different plant-based foods and like fibre-rich ones that would boost the diversity of the gut bacteria and eventually the health of the child.

Antibiotics prescription is a common way to treat childhood bacterial infections. However, they may disrupt gut bugs long-term. If they are unavoidable, some ways in which we can restore the gut community after an antibiotics course could be through probiotics supplementation (specific probiotics have been formulated for use after antibiotics) or through probiotic foods, such as yoghurts or kefir or fibre-rich foods.


Teenage years

At this stage, teenagers tend to become more aware of their appearance and how they are perceived by others. This often leads to stress or anxiety which, interestingly, can affect their gut bacteria too through the gut-brain axis. Indeed, a lot of research suggests that our moods affect our gut bugs or vice-versa through the chemicals these bugs send/receive to/from the brain. As diet is a major contributor to how our gut looks like, one way we might be able to slow down these anxiety bursts at teenage years would be to make slow improvements to our diets by adding more fibre and plant-based diversity. Of course, at this stage hardly any teenager would say a big YES, PLEASE to a bowl of beans and salad. But when we are starting to realise that fibre-rich foods not only influence our moods but our appearance too [4], maybe that bowl of beans is not that bad after all. Making some simple swaps can help teenagers increase their fibre gradually.


Young adulthood

Think early twenties: student life, living away from home, sleepless nights, parties or ready meals at odd times. While these are fond and great memories that last a lifetime, forming a long-term habit out of these at this stage in life may not be the kindest way to treat our gut companions. Although the gut bacteria are generally stable at this time, they can still undergo changes depending on what we eat. For instance, switching to a heavy meat-based processed food diet leads to the loss of bacteria that can deal with those important plant-based fibres [5]. Processed foods have the ability to trick our brains into believing we still need plenty more food when we actually are full, and so we end up eating more! [6] Home cooking can help us take back control of how much and what we eat and is often cheaper.

Our gut bugs are also tuned to day-night cycles and so the night bugs are usually dealing with body repair while we are sleeping. Eating or drinking during the night or having lots of late nights can mess up this perfect orchestration and affect our moods and especially our body weight control mechanisms [7].



Pregnancy comes with lots of changes in women’s bodies which ultimately may impact the health of the future mother and baby. These include having more of gut bacteria Firmicutes which are often seen in obesity and/or more chemicals associated with stress and inflammation. While these changes are generally normal in pregnancy as they prepare the woman for giving birth and nurturing the baby, too much of these is not great because of the potential risks of gestational diabetes or a child’s growth problems [8]. Antibiotic use during pregnancy may also affect the baby’s gut health or immune system but there is plenty that can be done to support gut health throughout pregnancy. Pregnancy results in changes to digestion, namely, things tend to slow down to maximise nutrient absorption from food. This can ultimately result in constipation, which as well as being uncomfortable can also disrupt the balance of bacteria in your gut. Consuming enough fibre and water and keeping active can help ease constipation – all great ways to have a happy mind and gut. The mother, the baby and let’s not forget those trillions of gut bugs will be so grateful for these tiny changes in daily routine



Menopause is another stage in women’s lives where their bodies go through major transformations. Generally, there is little information on how the gut bacteria look like and what they do at this stage in life. A study showed that giving probiotics to postmenopausal women led to improved bone health [9]. Another showed that short-term intake of soy-isoflavonoids (oestrogen-like molecules) by postmenopausal women helped decrease gut bacteria numbers that promote inflammation and are more common in obese postmenopausal women [10]. Your gut bacteria play an important role in how your body breaks down and gets rid of oestrogen too, so if something is out of balance here, it may influence menopausal symptoms.


Later Life

As people age, the risks of old age conditions, like heart disease, mobility problems or dementia and the increased use of medication go up. Together with these, the gut bacteria change as well, becoming less diverse and possibly losing many important functions we are now beginning to learn. Let’s not forget that if older people find it difficult chewing, have mobility restrictions preventing them from cooking their own food or aren’t motivated to cook alone, these may reduce the quality of their food, including those of a plant-based nature and fibrous foods, which in turn has an effect on gut bacteria. In addition, as we age, our ability to produce bile decreases [12]. Bile is important to emulsify fats for digestion and absorption and plays a crucial role in the balance of the bacteria in our guts. If our fats aren’t properly broken down, this can have a negative impact on the bacteria in our gut [13].

Of course, this is not the case with all older people. For instance, those who live close to 100 or beyond seem to have gut bacteria more similar to those of younger people, and less similar to those of people in their late 70s or 80s [11]. What is special about these people is that their diets are rich in fibre, poor in animal fats and they benefited from increased physical activity. This healthy lifestyle was probably maintained throughout their entire lives. The more interesting thing is that those who live in care homes had a less diverse gut bacteria and worse mental and general health than those who were living in a community surrounded by friends and family [11]. Maybe living in a nurturing community would be the answer to good gut and long healthy life?







[1] Kundu, P., Blacher, E., Elinav, E. and Pettersson, S., 2017. Our gut microbiome: the evolving inner self. Cell, 171(7), pp.1481-1493.

[2] Yuan, C., Gaskins, A.J., Blaine, A.I., Zhang, C., Gillman, M.W., Missmer, S.A., Field, A.E. and Chavarro, J.E., 2016. Association between cesarean birth and risk of obesity in offspring in childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood. JAMA pediatrics, 170(11), pp.e162385-e162385.

[3] Bager, P., Wohlfahrt, J. and Westergaard, T., 2008. Caesarean delivery and risk of atopy and allergic disesase: meta‐analyses. Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 38(4), pp.634-642.

[4] Salem, I., Ramser, A., Isham, N. and Ghannoum, M.A., 2018. The gut microbiome as a major regulator of the gut-skin axis. Frontiers in microbiology, 9.

[5] David, L.A., Maurice, C.F., Carmody, R.N., Gootenberg, D.B., Button, J.E., Wolfe, B.E., Ling, A.V., Devlin, A.S., Varma, Y., Fischbach, M.A. and Biddinger, S.B., 2014. Diet rapidly and reproducibly alters the human gut microbiome. Nature, 505(7484), p.559.

[6] Hall, K.D., Ayuketah, A., Brychta, R., Cai, H., Cassimatis, T., Chen, K.Y., Chung, S.T., Costa, E., Courville, A., Darcey, V. and Fletcher, L.A., 2019. Ultra-processed diets cause excess calorie intake and weight gain: an inpatient randomized controlled trial of ad libitum food intake. Cell metabolism.

[7] Parkar, S.G., Kalsbeek, A. and Cheeseman, J.F., 2019. Potential role for the gut microbiota in modulating host circadian rhythms and metabolic health. Microorganisms, 7(2), p.41.

[8] Edwards, S.M., Cunningham, S.A., Dunlop, A.L. and Corwin, E.J., 2017. The maternal gut microbiome during pregnancy. MCN. The American journal of maternal child nursing, 42(6), p.310.

[9] Narva, M., Nevala, R., Poussa, T. and Korpela, R., 2004. The effect of Lactobacillus helveticus fermented milk on acute changes in calcium metabolism in postmenopausal women. European Journal of Nutrition, 43(2), pp.61-68.

[10] Nakatsu, C.H., Armstrong, A., Clavijo, A.P., Martin, B.R., Barnes, S. and Weaver, C.M., 2014. Fecal bacterial community changes associated with isoflavone metabolites in postmenopausal women after soy bar consumption. PLoS One, 9(10), p.e108924.

[11] Biagi, E., Rampelli, S., Turroni, S., Quercia, S., Candela, M. and Brigidi, P., 2017. The gut microbiota of centenarians: signatures of longevity in the gut microbiota profile. Mechanisms of ageing and development, 165, pp.180-184.

[12] Bertolotti, M. , Gabbi, C. , Anzivino, C. , Crestani, M. , Mitro, N. , Del Puppo, M. , Godio, C. , De Fabiani, E. , Macchioni, D. , Carulli, L. , Rossi, A. , Ricchi, M. , Loria, P. and Carulli, N. (2007), Age‐related changes in bile acid synthesis and hepatic nuclear receptor expression. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 37: 501-508. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2362.2007.01808.x

[13] Ridlon, J.M., Kang, D.J., Hylemon, P.B. and Bajaj, J.S., 2014. Bile acids and the gut microbiome. Current opinion in gastroenterology, 30(3), p.332. doi:10.1097/MOG.0000000000000057



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